What is testosterone hormone

Testosterone is the primary androgenic hormone. Testosterone is responsible for testicular and prostate development, as well as the development of muscle tissue, bone density and strength. It is also responsible for the overall general health and well-being, as low testosterone levels can not only negatively affect muscle and bone strength, but also affect our state of mind. Testosterone is also highly anabolic.

Testosterone history

The true synthetic testosterone intended for human use was first created in 1935 thanks to chemists Adolf Butenandt and Leopold Ruzicka. The testosterone hormone has been successfully isolated and synthesized, initially in the form of Testosterone Propionate. Shortly after, many other forms of testosterone has been introduced.

Even though there are many different testosterone forms  available, such as Testosterone Cypionate or Testosterone Enanthate, all testosterone is the same. It is the ester that gives testosterone its own unique function regarding time release and duration of activity, however all exogenous testosterone is the same testosterone.

Testosterone benefits

There are many benefits to testosterone. Many men use testosterone as part of a hormone replacement therapy plan, to raise testosterone levels to a normal range. Other men, however, use testosterone to increase levels far beyond normal in order to enhance performance. Regardless of the purpose, you can expec  the following benefits:

  • Increased recovery
  • Stronger anti-catabolic protection
  • Increased red blood cell count
  • Increased protein efficiency

Testosterone forms

There are many forms as well as application methods of testosterone. The most common and effecitve form of application is by injection, however there are other forms such as transdermal gels, patches as well as tablets. 

As already mentioned, all testosterones are generally the same and the difference is the ester attachment that affects the time release and duration of testosterone. 

The most popular testosterone forms include:

Testosterone side effects

As with most anabolic steroids, there are negative side-effects of testosterone, too. The most common side effects of testosterone include:

  • Water retention
  • Gynecomastia
  • High blood pressure
  • Testicular atrophy
  • Acne
  • Adverse cholesterol reactions

Testosterone doses

250mg of testosterone per week will provide good results, however 500mg per week is the gold standard for optimal results. 

The doses can range much higher and up to 1000mg or even 1500mg per week, however with these higher doses, there risk of negative side effects rises as well. Therefore, most are advised to never go beyond 500mg per week. 

A common minimum length of testosterone use is 8 weeks, however 1 -16 weeks is far more optimal.